Financial help if you have a disability or long-term illness

Last updated: 24/01/2020

You may get personal independence payment if you are between 16 and pension age and have a medical condition, or disability, that affects your ability to participate in everyday life.

Related information

For more information call the Lone Parent Helpline: 0808 801 0323

Personal independence payment

You may get personal independence payment if you are between 16  and pension age and have a medical condition, or disability, that affects your ability to participate in everyday life.

You must have had your illness or disability for three months before you claim and be expected to have the condition for nine months after.

Disability living allowance (DLA), for adults, has been replaced by personal independence payment. If you are still getting DLA, you will receive a letter telling you it is coming to an end and inviting you to claim personal independence payment. This process was expected to be completed by 2019 but has been delayed.

Related information

Personal Independence claim line (Monday – Friday 8am – 7.30pm):
Telephone: 0800 917 2222
Textphone: 0800 917 7777

How to claim personal independence payment

You can make a new claim for personal independence payment by calling the Department for Work and Pensions where some details will be taken, and the operator will fill in a PIP1 form.

If you are unable to apply by phone someone else can call on your behalf and ask for a PIP1 form to be sent to you, which you can complete at home, then return.

You will then be sent a PIP2 form which asks questions about your illness or disability and how it affects your ability to complete certain tasks such as cooking, dressing and moving around.

You will also be required to attend a health assessment at a local centre or in your home if need be.

If you are awarded personal independence payment it will be backdated to the date you applied by phone or to when the Department for Work and Pensions receive the written PIP1 form.

How much you’ll get

The decision to pay personal independence payment is based on the answers to the questions on the PIP2 form. For each answer you are awarded points. There are two sets of questions.

One set is about your ability to do day to day tasks such as dressing and washing.  The answers to these questions are used to decide if you should get what is called the daily living component of personal independence payment.

The other set is about your ability to move about. The answers to these questions are used to decide if you get what is called the mobility component of personal independence payment. You may only be awarded one component, or you may get both.

Each component has two rates: standard and enhanced. Which amount you are paid depends on points you were awarded.

Personal independence payment rates:
Daily living component standard rate: £59.70
Daily living component enhanced rate: £89.15
Mobility component standard rate: £23.60
Mobility component enhanced rate: £62.25

Personal independence payment if you have a life-limiting condition

If you have a life-limiting condition you may be able to claim personal independence payment under ‘special rules’. Form DS1500 will be filled in by your doctor stating that you are not expected to survive beyond six months. This is returned along with the PIP2 form or emailed directly to DWP. You will still need to meet the qualifying conditions for the mobility component but not for the daily living component which will automatically be awarded at the enhanced rate.

What to do if you don’t agree with the decision on your personal independence payment

If you are unhappy with the award decision you can ask for it to be looked at again and then appeal if necessary.

Get expert help from someone with experience in this area such as a welfare rights worker.

Disability Assistance for Working-age People (DAWAP)

This will replace Personal Independence Payment (PIP) when it becomes the responsibility of the Scottish Government. The details are not decided yet but is expected to be very similar to PIP and to be available early 2021.