Financial help if you have a disability or long-term illness
Last updated: 06/04/2023
You may get Adult Disability Payment or Personal Independence Payment if you have a medical condition, or disability, that affects your ability to participate in everyday life.
Adult Disability Payment
Adult Disability Payment is a benefit from the Scottish Government to help with the extra costs of having a disability or long-term ill-heath condition. It has replaced Disability Living Allowance (DLA) and Personal Independence Payment (PIP) for adults living in Scotland.
You can no longer apply for PIP in Scotland.
Can I get Adult Disability Payment?
To get Adult Disability Payment you must meet the following conditions: –
- be living in Scotland
- be 16, or over, and under pension age when you apply
- not be getting DLA or PIP
- need help with your personal care because of their physical or mental disability or illness and/or
- need help when moving around because of your physical or mental disability or illness and
- have had your disability or illness for 13 weeks before you apply and be expected to have it for at least 39 weeks after.
You do not need to have a diagnosis but will have to provide evidence of how your disability or health condition affects you. If you have a progressive illness that will limit your life expectancy you do not need to have had the illness for 13 weeks before you can get Adult Disability Payment.
What if I’m getting DLA or PIP?
If you are already getting DLA or PIP you will be transferred to Adult Disability Payment without having to apply or be reassessed. You cannot choose to continue getting DLA or PIP but the amount of money you get when you transfer to Adult Disability Payment will remain the same.
You will receive a letter telling you that you are being transferred to Adult Disability Payment and another 13 – 17 weeks later saying the transfer is complete. You will continue to get DLA or PIP until you are transferred to Adult Disability Payment.
Those getting DLA or PIP with awards coming to an end, or who report a change of circumstances, will be transferred first. The transfer of everyone getting DLA or PIP to Adult Disability Payment is expected to be completed by summer 2024.
How much is Adult Disability Payment?
The amount you will get depends on the services, equipment and support you need.
There are 2 amounts called components. The daily living component is to help with the day-to-day help you need with things like dressing, washing and eating. The mobility component is to help with the extra help you need to physically get around and to stay safe when you are moving around.
Each component has 2 rates.
Daily living component:
- Enhanced rate £101.75
- Standard rate £68.10
- Enhanced rate £71.00
- Standard rate £26.90
If you have a progressive, terminal, illness you will automatically get the highest rates of both the care and mobility components.
How is it paid?
Adult Disability Payment is paid into your bank account every 4 weeks in arrears. If you have a life limiting condition you will get it weekly in advance.
The amount of Adult Disability Payment you receive is not affected by your income, savings or assets. It will not reduce any other benefits you get but you may get an increase in some benefits or be able to claim extra help. See more information.
How do I apply?
You can apply for Adult Disability Payment online or by calling Social Security Scotland.
If you need support to apply you can ask a friend, family member or Social Security Scotland to help. Social Security Scotland can make an appointment for someone from a local delivery team to help you in person, by phone or by video. They can also arrange for someone to visit you in your own home.
Apply online at: How to apply
To apply by phone or to arrange an appointment for someone to help call:
Social Security Scotland on 0800 182 2222, 8am – 6pm, Mon – Fri.
The application is in two parts. You will first need to register and answer some general questions. You will then answer more specific questions about your disability or illness, how it affects your everyday life and what support you need. This can be difficult and take a bit of time, but it is important to be thorough as a decision maker will use this information to decide if and how much Adult Disability Payment you will get. Social Security Scotland, a welfare rights officer, a disability service or a medical professional will be able to help you with this. Contact your local council for an appointment with a welfare rights officer.
You do not have to answer all the questions at once. Your answers will be saved and you can go back to them later if you are applying online. You have 8 weeks to answer all the questions from the time you started your application.
If you have a life limiting medical condition
If you have a life limiting medical condition you will not be asked as many questions when you apply but will need to provide a BASRiS form with details about your condition. Your doctor or another medical professional will be able to give you this form and help you complete it. Your doctor or someone else can also apply for Adult Disability Payment on your behalf.
What happens after I have completed the application?
You will receive regular updates on how your application is progressing. You may also be asked to get information from someone who knows you or the person looking at your application may contact them directly.
How long does the award last?
Awards of Adult Disability Payment do not have an end date, but you may be contacted from time to time for a reassessment. This will not be as in depth as the initial application. If you have a condition that is not expected to improve there will not be a reassessment for at least five years.
If there is any change in your disability or illness you need to report this to Social Security Scotland by phone or online.
What if I do not agree with the decision?
If you are unhappy with the decision on your application for Adult Disability Payment you can ask for a ‘redetermination’. Say why you think the decision is wrong and give any further evidence you have to support this. You have 6 weeks from when you receive the decision to ask Social Security Scotland for a redetermination. Social security Scotland will get back to you within 8 weeks.
If you are not happy with the result of the redetermination you can appeal.
Details of how to ask for a redetermination, or to appeal, will be sent with your Adult Disability Payment decision letter. You can ask for help with this from Social Security Scotland, a Welfare Rights Officer from the council or a worker from your local Citizens Advice Bureau.
If you were getting Adult Disability Payment and it has stopped, or reduced, after a reassessment you can receive payments called Short Term Assistance while you are waiting on a decision about your redetermination or appeal. These are equal to the Adult Disability Payment you were getting before your reassessment. These payments do not have to be paid back.
To apply for Short Term Assistance contact Social Security Scotland on 0800 182 2222, 8am – 6pm, Mon – Fri.
Personal Independence Payment
You can no longer apply for PIP in Scotland.
If you have a disability or long term illness you can apply for Adult Disability Payment instead.
If you are already getting PIP you do not have to do anything. You will be transferred over to Adult Disability Payment without having another assessment and will get the same amount of money. You will receive a letter telling you when this will happen.
The information here is for people already getting PIP
You may be getting PIP if you are between 16 and pension age and have a medical condition, or disability, that affects your ability to participate in everyday life.
The illness or disability can be physical or mental and you must have had it for three months before you claim and be expected to have the condition for nine months after.
How much is it?
The decision to pay personal independence payment is based on the answers to the questions on the PIP2 form. For each answer you are awarded points. How much you get depends on how many points you are awarded.
There are two sets of questions.
One set is about your ability to do day to day tasks such as dressing and washing. The answers to these questions are used to decide if you should get what is called the daily living component of PIP.
The other set is about your ability to move about. The answers to these questions are used to decide if you get what is called the mobility component of PIP.
You may be awarded one or you both components.
Each component has two rates: standard and enhanced. Which amount you are paid depends on points you are awarded.
Personal Independence Payment weekly rates:
Daily living component standard rate: £68.10
Daily living component enhanced rate: £101.75
Mobility component standard rate: £26.90
Mobility component enhanced rate: £71.00
PIP is paid every 4 weeks into your bank account.
Personal Independence Payment if you have a life-limiting condition
If your medical condition becomes terminal you should report this to DWP. You may then receive the highest rate of the Daily Living Component if you are not already getting it.
What to do if you don’t agree with the decision on your Personal Independence Payment
If you are unhappy with your PIP award you can ask for it to be looked at again and then appeal if necessary.
Get expert help from someone with experience in this area such as a welfare rights worker.