How is child maintenance calculated?

Last updated: 06/02/2020

After you apply, the Child Maintenance Service should contact HM Revenue & Customs to find out the other parent’s income.

After you apply, the Child Maintenance Service should contact HM Revenue & Customs to find out the other parent’s income. The Child Maintenance Service will also contact the other parent to ask for details about their circumstances and will usually give a calculation of how much child maintenance will be payable, based on the information received from HM Revenue & Customs.

Child maintenance is reviewed each year. Payments may be affected by changes in circumstances, such as a change in the paying parent’s income or family circumstances. The Child Maintenance Service should be told about these changes as soon as possible.

If the paying parent, their employer, or accountant has not supplied gross income information to HM Revenue & Customs for use in making a child maintenance decision, the Child Maintenance Service can ask for this information.

If they do not get the information they need they can either make a “best evidence assessment” or make a “default maintenance decision”. A “best evidence assessment” uses previous information held about a paying parent’s gross income, or official statistics, to work out an amount of child maintenance that must be paid.

A “default maintenance decision” applies a default rate based on the number of children the paying parent must pay child maintenance for.

The default rates are:

£38 a week for one child
£51 a week for two children
£61 a week for three or more children

There are certain things which affect a paying parent’s income that can be considered by the Child Maintenance Service, including payments into pension schemes, certain costs or expenses the paying parent pays, and the number of other children who the paying parent supports.

Child maintenance rates

Child maintenance rates are applied to gross weekly income. The rates differ depending on the gross weekly income amount:

Basic rate

The Basic rate applies if the paying parent’s gross weekly income is £200 or more, up to £3000.

The following percentages will apply:

12% for one qualifying child
16% for two qualifying children
19% for three or more qualifying children

Reduced rate

A reduced rate is applied to paying parents with a gross weekly income of more than £100 but less than £200.

The Reduced rate consists of two parts:

  • An amount equal to the flat rate. This currently stands at £7 per week
  • A percentage of the balance of income above £100 (see table below)

These rates are:

17% for one qualifying child
25% for two qualifying children
31% for three or more qualifying children

Example

If a paying parent’s income is £110 per week and there is one qualifying child, the child maintenance liability would be:

£7 + (£10 x 17%) = £8.70

Flat rate

For gross weekly income of £100 or less, or where a paying parent receives a specified benefit, a Flat rate of £7 applies, regardless of the number of qualifying children.

Nil rate

A Nil rate applies if the paying parent is under 16, under 19 and in full-time education, a prisoner, or if the gross weekly income is not greater than the Flat rate amount.

Students will no longer be exempt from child maintenance liability as in previous child support schemes. Taxable earnings from employment and taxable profits from self-employment will be considered but payments made to students (loans and grants) will not count.

Reductions for other children

If your child’s other parent is paying maintenance for children from another relationship the amount of maintenance, you receive will be reduced.

If your children’s other parent has a child from another relationship living with them (a relevant child) this will also reduce your maintenance payments.